Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatane (JMS)

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Reproductive – sexual health: Discussion with young women

Session on Reproductive health of adolescence and awareness of menstrual hygiene for young rural girls. organized at JMS office Pothnal in support of resource person Annamma, an experienced nurse in Primary Health Center, Pothnal. There were 15 girls engaged in the session. Annamma, a nurse at the Pothnal Primary Health Centre,  addressed the young girls. She provided detailed information on reproductive health, hygiene, balanced diet maintenance, and psychological changes during the menstrual cycle and medical consultations and so on. There was an interactive session with the girls finding answers to their own menstrual issues, the discussion continued by displaying a documentary.Reproductive-sexual health 170719

Rally for Maternal Health and Dialogue with Health Authorities in Raichur

#JMS Maternal Health Campaign_2019

JMS in collaboration with Dalit Human Rights Forum Karnataka (DHRF-K) organised a district level Maternal Health rally at Sindhanur Taluk Hospital Sindhanur on 12th July 2019, demanding access to better reproductive and maternal health care services and pressing for stopping undue referrals to private health care facilities which incur heavy financial burden on women.

200 members of JMS  from 10 Villages (Paparaocamp, Dumti, Gonwara,Ulgunchi,Aynoor, Sultanapura, Balaganur, Buddinni, Ramathnala, Pothnal) of Sindhanur , Maski and Manvi Taluka marched across the streets of Sindhanur. Later, they demanded that the Taluka Health Officer (THO) and other officers come to listen to their grievances and pressed them to solve their problems.



Activist singers from Raichur District took part in the rally and sang few songs on Maternal Health. This Song is about the conditions of poor when they visit government hospital and how the doctors collect the money from the people


During district level maternal health public Dialogue Women from 10 villages discussed on various issues related to the denial  of access to the health services with Taluk Health officer. People placed a menorandum before the THO in the presence of two Doctors from two PHCs and other health representatives. They demanded that people’s demands be taken up for immediate action. THO passed few resolutions in the meeting.
1.Due to non availability of radiologist at government hospital , free scanning facility at taluk for pregnant mother’s once in a month at refered hospital.
2.Action on providing free Ambulance services
3.Action on Water and sanitation facility at PHC
4.Sanctioned new buildings for sub center construction and allotted trained doctors for the villages and will be available for people 24hrs.

The THO asked people to reach him directly when any medical personnel demanded money for providing health services, and urged women not to give money.

Death of Mariyamma, 20 years – Investigating Maternal Death – JMS demands prompt action against medical negligence and steps towards stopping maternal deaths

Death of Mariyamma – Investigating Maternal Death in Manvi taluka, Raichur District (Karnataka)

JMS demands prompt action against medical negligence and steps towards stopping maternal deaths

Name of the deceased woman Mariyamma W/o Ramesh
Address Sangapura village, Hirekottnekal Gram Panchayat, Manvi Taluk, Raichur.

Maternal home address: Dhumthi village, Gonavar Gram Panchayat, Sindhanoor Taluk, Raichur Dt.

Age 20 years
Caste Madiga (SC)
Name of the PHC ( reporting)

Name of the PHC (maternal home)



Medical officer (Paparao camp)

Medical officer (Hirekottnekal)

Name of the ASHA worker (Dhumthi)

Name of the ASHA worker (Sangapura)

Dr.Veerabhadrappa: 9449783557

Dr.Chandrashekar : 9480840783


Renuka w/o Eranna:9731207819

Date of death 6th May 2019
Place of death RIMS, Raichur
Date of delivery 30th April 2019
Mode of delivery Ceasarean
Place of delivery Taluk hospital, Sindhanoor
Hb level 7gms (as per the latest blood test done on 26/4/2019 in a pvt hospital in Sindhanoor.  On the day of admission in Taluk hospital, Sindhanoor.
Baby sex/ Birth weight Male ,  2.5 kg
Education 9th standard, Tailoring
Gravida G1
Contact number Dhumthi: Dyavanna (brother of the deceased)

Contact number Sangapura ( Husband of the deceased)




Medical records of the deceased woman Thai card (obtained from Sangapura). Abdomen and pelvic Scan reports and blood test. (ANC check-ups done in Bangalore)

ANC check-ups done in Sindhanoor during the woman’ 15 days stay in Dhumthi village)

Death of the woman: On the 4/5/2019 around 3 pm woman was shifted to RIMS, Raichur in hospital ambulance.  They reached RIMS around 7 pm.  Around 8.30 pm after the examinations by the staff nurse, woman was admitted in the MICU.  One blood transfusion was done in RIMS.  On the day of admission, several injections were written to buy from outside.  First day itself injection worth 2000/- was bought from outside.  There was no doctor to attend the woman at RIMS, staff nurse attended her.  Doctor was called on the mobile and he was giving suggestions over the phone.

Family said that the woman had BP.  No doctor saw the woman on 4th and 5th (Saturday and Sunday). On the 6th around 6 am woman developed all complications.  Though the hospital asked to shift the woman elsewhere, family did not.  Already woman’ eyes had gone up and she was unconscious.  She died around 12 noon.


Demand by JMS regarding the actions to be taken immediately regarding the maternal death:

  • To ensure that the death is audited by the medical officer in Hirekottnekal PHC and he submits the audit report in the suggested Maternal Death Review (MDR format) in 27 pages. Get a copy of the MDR format from the PHC.
  • To ensure the survival of the new born: baby is weighed in every 15 days, milk powder supplied by the dept. etc. if necessary.
  • To ensure that the Maternal Death Audit is done at the district level this month itself and the family attend the maternal death audit and speak all their grievances. One representative from the Sanghatane who is thorough of the case to attend the audit with all the case details.


#JUSTICE FOR _AMBIKA: JMS Campaign reaches out to young Dalit girls in Rural Raichur


Thanks to all friends who have extended support to JMS and for the solidarity. With your encouragement and with the active involvement of Ambika’s Parents – Madheva and Mariamma – the campaign #JusticeFor_Ambika – has now reached the young Dalit girls in the villages of Raichur (Karnataka, India).

Under the banner of this campaign young girls started to gather at JMS office for learning computer, reading and actively engaging in JMS yuvavedike (JMS YOUTH FORUM)activities. Youths involvement started with the introduction of Ambika and providing them her case story to read and help them to understand the importance of Education and Empowerment of Young Girls. 

Youth Platform JMS
There’s a great excitement among girls in the new space for learning that they have found. Various discussions on education, challenges young girls face along with hands on computer skills have added to this excitement. 

Ambika’s parents are part of this campaign. All pictures and images in this campaign involving Ambika, have her parents’ active and informed consent.

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Poster - Ambika


Ambika, 13 years, is a Dalit girl who dropped out of school after 5th standard. Her parents are daily wage agricultural labourers and are residents of Jagir Pannur village in Manvi Taluka, Raichur district of Karnataka.

In some unusual circumstances she was found murdered on 26 Aug,2018, far away from her village. On a Sunday, she was taken by her neighbour (man – 25 years of age) without informing her Parents on Aug 26, 2018,on the pretext of taking part in a village religious/cultural fare (jathre), in a village about 30 kms. away on his motorbike. While the parents kept searching for her and complained to the police, the man returned late in the night. Next day, while Ambika’s parents had gone to the police station, he escaped from the house when the police came to search for him and committed suicide by hanging himself on a tree, without leaving a clue where the girl was. The police did not file a FIR on the missing girl nor did they put in efforts to search for her.

Four days later, on 29 August, body of Ambika was found in an abandoned area dumped in a bush, about 30 kms. away. While the police tried to hush up the case by almost forcing the parents to bury the body, Jms Chiguru (Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatan), prevailed upon the police to conduct post-mortem. Later, Jms Chiguru tried its best to move the police to do a thorough investigation into the case and to nab others who might be involved in this murder, nothing moved them. The National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) did not respond to the complaint for over four months. Moreover, local religious institution, instead of supporting the parents, tried to malign girl’s character.

Murder of a minor girl Ambika, signifies the issue of vulnerability of young girls, especially from the marginalised communities, and such issues largely go unreported, but for JMS’ intervention. JMS has resolved that NO MORE AMBIKAS is the only way to bring justice to AMBIKA, and has decided to reach out to 500 young Dalit girls from 50 villages for creating safe spaces for young girls. [Read More]



JAGRUTHA MAHILA SANGHATANE (JMS) in Raichur district is a Dalit Women’s Collective of over 2000 women, led by Dalit women’s leadership from the communities. JMS now has sanghatan in 25 Gram Panchayats spread across 4 of 7 talukas of the district.  Initiated in 1999 as a community led organisation,  it has focused on health and healthcare as one of the key intersecting themes, among others. The engagement with Sub-centres and PHCs began in 2002, with a perspective of claiming spaces for Dalit women by regularising and legtimising their entry in PHCs, which was a space they shuddered to enter, then. In the series of community monitoring and citizen rights campaigns that JMS has pursued over the years, human right to health and right to primary health care, has been one of the prominent campaigns of JMS.
Since 2017, JMS has focused on  right to maternal health care services, as the declining public health services are experienced by pregnant and nursing women, especially Dalit women,  as very painful and indignifying experiences. In 2017, with interviews with 234 women very intensive campaign began to press for primary health care services using the evidence on maternal health care. In September – October 2018, again, JMS undertook a survey of 362 nursing women in 43 villages coming under the jurisdiction of 8 PHCs.
The campaign started with interviews by the community women leaders themselves and community meetings were part of such discussion. The report card is compiled in a pictorial format and pie charts with colour codes. The report of the survey and a general entitlement discussion is now being held in each of the 43 villages. The community level discussions converge in a public hearing in each PHC. Such a process has been completed in two PHCs – i.e. Paparao Camp PHC of Sindhanur Taluka and Byagwat PHC of Manvi Taluka. The process will now continue in the other 6 PHCS.
JMS has been doing this campaign with varied degree of intensity for several years now. Since 2017, there has been an intensified campaign. There are several changes one could see – increased ANC coverage, increased responsiveness to women in the community from the health care providers etc. Among the troubling factors two things stand out: informal referrals (directing women) to private hospitals for various reasons. Secondly, unchanged status of women’s HB. The average HB level of 362 women is at 9.3, only 8% women were at 11 (i.e. 28 women). Most of the women had HB below 8.
The struggle continues to revive primary health care and to engage health care providers in a productive  – supporting, cajoling and at times confronting – dialogue.
You can visit https://www.facebook.com/jms.chiguru.3 for regular updates.
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